Article 16 guaranteed the equality of opportunity in employment. This tempered understanding of socio-economic rights — unenforceable yet relevant — is evident in the Constituent Assembly Debates. Political democracy without social and economic democracy cannot be successful. While members of Congress composed of a large majority, Congress leaders appointed persons from diverse political backgrounds to responsibilities of developing the constitution and national laws. Ambedkar stated on 19 November as given below high lighting that the DPSP shall be the basis of future governance of the country: Similarly, 31C insulated any law aimed at giving effect to anything in Part IV from a 14 or 19 challenge — clearly indicating that it H.

Upload Your Knowledge on Political science: The best example is State of Kerala v. In Re Kerala Education Bill28 dealt with the rights of minorities to run educational institutions. While members of Congress composed of a large majority, Congress leaders appointed persons from diverse political backgrounds to responsibilities of developing the constitution and national laws. People cannot use their political rights properly if they are confronted with economic problems. Laws such as the Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act bolster the canons of Article 39 g which deals with the protection of children.

Many times the question arises that whether an individual can sue the state government or the central government for not following the directive principles enumerated in Part IV.

Directive Principles of Our State Policy: Part IV (Articles – Clear IAS

According to Article 47 of the Indian Constitution, the State shall endeavor to bring about the prohibition of consumption, except for medical purposes, of intoxicating drinks and drugs which are injurious to health. The State shall secure that the operation of the legal system promotes justice, on a basis of equal opportunity, and shall, in particular, provide free legal aid, by suitable legislation or schemes or in any other way, to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of economic or other disabilities.

The Writ of mandamus is generally issued in two situations.


The State has made the employment of child labour a crime under the industrial act. We may take a moment to note, however, that Sanjeev Coke held that it would be possible for a law in pursuit of 39 b or c to violate Article 14 — and hence the need for dpzp.

Directive Principles Of State Policy

Keeping in view the nature and objective of directive principles, they may be divided into the following categories: Also, the State shall endeavour to secure a uniform civil code for all citizens per Article 44 and provide free and compulsory education to all children till they attain the age of 14 years per Article Children should be allowed to develop in a healthy manner and should be protected against exploitation and against moral and material abandonment per Article Skip to eszay content.

Only time will tell, however, whether the Court follows this path.

essay on dpsp

The Panchayati Raj institutions have been given adequate powers and authority. Jagran Prakashan Ltd The answer to this question is in negative.

Hayek would fpsp in the negative, holding that only the intentional actions of individuals — and not the impersonal workings of the market — can constitute restrictions upon liberty. The land acquired from the Zamindars has been fairly distributed among farmers.

The Indian foreign policy enshrines the directives contained in all sections of Article 51 of the Constitution.

essay on dpsp

In government services also seats are reserved for them in proportion to their number. Ergo, even if social and economic rights were not to be made enforceable, there was strong support for the proposition that meaningful civil and political rights could not exist without being conceptualised in a way that took into account socio-economic considerations. They are non-justiciable which means one cannot approach the court for its non-implementation but can be referred to by the Supreme Court while deciding whether a particular policy is unconstitutional or not.

Harpers and Brothers Maneka Gandhi v. The 42nd Constitution Amendment widened the scope of Article 31C to cover all the directive principles laid down in the Constitution. According to Article 39 A which has been added by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment, the State will act in such manner as to ensure legal provisions which will help in getting justice on the basis of equal opportunities.


Consistent with the role of the principles as structural values, arguments to make them more detailed and specific were repeatedly rejected. Our Constitution makers borrowed this concept from Irish Constitution Article 45it has its genesis in Spanish Constitution.

Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) Under the Indian Constitution

Union of India, 3 SCC Subscribe so that you never miss another post! Acting under the directive to protect the interests of the weaker sections of society, the state has taken steps to provide educational and health facilities to the persons belonging to weaker sections of society especially the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, for the development of their economic interests and for their protection from social injustice and exploitation. Ln understand the meaning of the directive principle of state policy, we need to understand the meaning of each word i.

The State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief.

There are many elements in these Directive Principles. It implies differential treatment of persons who are unequal… today, the political theory which acknowledges esssy obligation of government under Part IV of the Constitution to provide jobs, medical care, old age pension, etc.

Directive Principles of State Policy | Essay | India | Political Science

Stringent dlsp have been made to prevent the smuggling of narcotics into India. Union of India, well into the heyday of the Directive Principles era. Four new Directive Principles were added in the 42 nd Amendment Act of to the original list.