Diamond then gives a thesis statement for his book: Diamond will study many different cultures around the word, not just European culture. Diamond describes the vast differences between New Guineans and the white colonists who came to New Guinea in the s. First, Diamond could be misinterpreted to be saying that he celebrates the Europeans for their conquests. Which guides should we add? Related Quotes with Explanations. There are many civilizations with access to metal, for example, that never developed serious metallurgy.

Jared Diamond, the author of the book, has spent most of his career trying to understand why different human civilizations developed in different ways. In the last 13, years or so, human history has proceeded in many different directions. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy , Privacy Policy , and Terms of Service. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Get the Teacher Edition.

summarize diamonds thesis

Therefore, one might even think that natural dlamonds has made New Guineans smarter than Europeans though Diamond doesn’t explicitly argue so. It could even be that New Guineans are as a whole smarter than Westerners.

Book Summary: Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond

Another explanation is that civilizations with access to weaponry, immunity to infectious diseases, and proximity to metal were most successful. Why did the Europeans conquer the Native Americans, Diamond asks, and not the other way around? Furthermore, New Guineans spend more time exploring the world than average Westerners who watch lots of TV. In no small part, Diamond writes his book in order to refute persistent, but ultimately unscientific, claims that whites, Europeans, and Westerners are superior to people from other parts of the world.

There is absolutely no scientific evidence to support the idea that people in hunter-gatherer cultures are less talented or intelligent than their counterparts in an industrialized country.


There are many civilizations with access to metal, for example, that never developed serious metallurgy. How can we improve?

This passage explicitly states the question that the book will try to solve. One could also misinterpret Diamond to be arguing that hunter-gatherer culture for example, Native Americans and aborigines is inferior to agricultural or industrial diamoonds the civilizations that conquered the Native Americans and the aborigines.

In real life Diamond is a polymath with many eclectic interests, perhaps explaining why he feels comfortable synthesizing many different fields of knowledge; many other people in those fields would feel uncomfortable summarkze big, ambitious claims of the kind that Diamond routinely makes.

Many specialists have studied specific aspects of why certain civilizations succeeded. Diamond describes his experiences as an anthropologist in New Guinea.

Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond

Diamond takes a moment to clarify what his book is and isn’t, and to respond to some potential objections to his book. Diamond will often rely on case studies—that is, individual, somewhat isolated, examples—before generalizing his findings to all of human history the fourth part of the book is made up almost entirely of case studies of specific regions. Many of the most famous European philosophers of the early modern era, such as John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, believed that humans responded to their environment in a limited sense: Part 3 studies the role of bacteria and microbes in Western military supremacy, while also studying the history of writing and other technologies.

Retrieved May 21, Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Related Quotes with Explanations.

Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Racism, Violence, and Colonization.


One of the most popular answers to the question of why certain regions became more powerful than others is that the powerful, successful regions were located near rivers. Certain societies have, by almost any material measure, been more successful than other societies: Get the Teacher Edition.

summarize diamonds thesis

LitCharts From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Many of the earliest civilizations did emerge near big rivers Egypt, Mesopotamia, etc.

Thoughts on Jared Diamond’s theory: Guns, Germs, and Steel by Justin Berg on Prezi

Some civilizations, such as those in Europe and Eastern Asia, have developed great power and wealth and used it to dominate the inhabitants of Australia and the Americas. On the contrary, agriculture is just the most efficient way to extract food for certain times and places in the world—just as hunting and gathering has been the most efficient way in other places and summagize other times.

The book will try to determine why certain societies became powerful and dominant on the global stage, while others did not.

Home About Story Contact Help. Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond. Yali is one of the few individuals mentioned in the novel. While these thinkers may have been on the right track to argue that environment can shape society, their particular interpretation of such an idea has turned out to be factually wrong.